system by Rishi Gauthama is the science of debate, logic and discussion
with reasoning and arguing. Vaiseshika by Rishi Kanada arranges
its inquiries into categories such as substance, quality, action,
property and nonexistence. They were the analytical Systems. Sankhya
by Rishi Kapila is called a synthetical system starting from a primordial
principle called prakrithi that evolves and brings forth everything,
when it comes in contact with Purusha.
Yoga system by Sage Pathanjali is a supplement to Sankhya, laying
emphasis on the practical side of self discipline and concentration.
Poorva Mimamsa of Sage Jaimini lays stress on the Vedic rituals
and sacrifices as the ultimate for the liberation and eternal happiness.
They did not deny a God but just ignored His existence. Other Mimamsakas
modified Sri Jaimini's theory later to introduce the concept of
God in rituals. Utthira Mimamsa or Vedantha of Sage Vyasa or Krishna
Dvaipanya explained the Hindu Philosophy.
Vyasa Maharishi founded the System of Vedantha which is the most
popular Vedic Philosophy. He also wrote the Dharma Sasthras based
on the Vedantha. Most Hindus follow this as their Philosophy, though
many rituals and principles of other systems are also used.
to Vedantha, Brahmam develops Itself into the universe for Its own
sporting or lila without undergoing any change and without ceasing
to be Itself. It is the material and instrumental cause of the universe.
The reality appears to our limited intelligence as the finite universe
of time and space due to the mysterious power of Maya of God. It
is due to avidya or ignorance, a natural disability of our soul
that prevents it from comprehending God as He really is. When the
natural limitations of avidya are removed through real knowledge,
the individual is no longer there as a separate entity but becomes
one with Paramatma.