Six Dharsanas are the different approaches to the Vedic teachings
of Hindu philosophy. The main aim of Hindu philosophy is to search
for the answers to the eternal questions. "Where did we all
come from and where are we going?" "Is there a superior
force directing all this?" "What is the reason for disease,
suffering, old age and death?" "How do we get liberation
from all our pains and how do we get Eternal bliss?" We can
notice the slow evolution of the thoughts in the six Dharsanas.
Whereas Vaiseshika, Sankhya and Vedantha give us the theoretical
parts of the philosophy, Nyaya, Yoga and Mimamsa give us the applied
and practical side of the faith.
The Nyaya-Vaiseshika Schools give us the Arambha-Vaada. At
the beginning of each Kalpa, large numbers of atoms and molecules
unite to form different objects with different qualities. This may
be under the will of God and destiny of the souls. In this theory,
the cause remains different from the effect.
and Vaiseshika are the analytical types of Philosophy and are very
similar in their approach. They arrange all the things in the world
into categories or padaarthas. They explain how God has made all
these worlds from atoms and molecules. They show the way to attain
true knowledge of God. This world has begun by a combination of
atoms. It has samyoga (conjunction) and viyoga (disassociation).
The cause of this world is the paramanus (atoms) and the nine dravyas
(materials), including Isvara (God). Both systems agree in their
essential principles of Self and the atomic theory of Universe.
Jiva is the doer and enjoyer with several attributes.
Sankhya-Yoga schools improve on it by Parinama- Vaada, to
postulate all objects and actions into two ultimate realities, in
its theory of evolution. One is Purusha, which is the conscious
and active, and the other is the Pradhana or Prakrithi, which is
unconscious and dormant. In this, the effect is inherent in the
we see the Vivartha-Vaada in Vedhantha as a theory of appearance
and reality. Here the system has evolved into one of absolute monism,
with the unity of individual and the Divine Soul, the Jivaathma