Poorva Mimãmsa was losing popular support, as it did
not accept a role for a Supreme Reality and its relation with soul
and matter, for the performance of rituals and their effects on
the individuals. Prabhakara and Kumarila modified the views to some
later Mimãmsakas slowly introduced the concept of
God to Sri Jaimini's theory. Karma-Kãnda is still the chief
section of Vedas. They said apurva can not act unless it is moved
by God. The soul is the doer and enjoyer. If sacrifices are performed
in favor of a Supreme-Being, it will lead to achievement of supreme
of actions that are enjoined in Vedas is the Sadhana. The cause
of bondage is the performance of Nishiddha Karma or prohibited actions.
Sage Kumarila maintains that the Vedas are composed by God and Brahmam
is in the form of sounds. Moksha is the positive state of realization
of Atman and is a state without pain or pleasure and is without
attributes. He thinks that final emancipation can be attained through
Karma (action) combined with Jnana (knowledge). Knowledge alone
is not sufficient for Salvation. Their views came very close to
Advaitha philosphy and Vedantha but not quite the same.
Sri Vyasa Maharishi's Utthira Mimãmsa system conforms
closely to the teachings of the Upanishads, which are the last portions,
or the essence of the Vedas or Veda-antha, hence called Vedhantha
Philosophy. He wrote the Brahma Suthra or Vedantha Sutra explaining
the doctrine of Brahmam. Here, we see the unity of the matter and
spirit, Jivaathma and Paramaathma. He also introduces the concepts
of Avidya or ignorance and Maya causing the inherent
inability for the individual Soul from recognizing its true self
and the Supreme Reality.
to this school, the cause without undergoing any change in itself
produces the effect. How exactly is the reality connected with the
appearance is indefinable and is a matter of spiritual experience
and true knowledge? This system is considered superior to all other
five Darsanas, however it is complementary to them. One should study
the other five systems also to benefit from this system fully.