Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma
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  Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma ~ Level - 1  
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Chapter - 4:
An Introduction to Hindu Philosophy and Traditions
 
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HR104 - 01
The Daily Practice of our Teachings and Religious Experience
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Lesson: 4-01
A Simple Message that looks Complex at the same time
Meaning of Brahma Sutra applied to daily practice with rituals and Prayers
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Essentials of Dharma Sãstrãs and Applied Hindu Philosophy in our Practice
 
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Introduction: Various Systems of Philosophy in the Practice

Philosophy is the rational aspect of the faith, in any culture or Religion. It is an integral part of Hindu religious beliefs and culture in India. It is a rational inquiry into the nature of truth or reality, giving clear solutions to many problems of life and human behavior. It shows the ways to get rid of pain and sufferings, to get happiness and peace of mind and to attain liberation and eternal bliss. Theology is considered important in most world religions. Philosophy is often agnostic and it is not part of the religious study. Hindus consider philosophy as an integral part of their religious experience. In Hindu culture, theology is well mixed in all aspects of life through its mythology, art, music and dance and they all carry a moral. Hindu Philosophy is not merely a speculation or guesswork of a solution for all human problems and doubts, but an organized doctrine based on the mystical experience of the Sages and Seers.

 
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Dharma Sãstraãs and Applied Hindu Philosophy

Hindu Philosophy gives a clear understanding to the questions of cycle of life and death, the nature of Soul, the Universe and its creator and reasons for joy and sufferings, happiness and sorrow, health and disease and the ultimate understanding of man's relationship with God. It also explains his duties during this birth as well as about his past and his future. It investigates and inquires the Truth and allows us to think and reason in our search for a solution.

Even though the Agamas and Vedas appear to be professing different doctrines, they both are written on the same philosophy but for different population group. The Agamas give us the Theological aspect of our practice with prayers to God in various manifestations. The Vedas give us all the rituals and also the philosophy of our religious practice.

All of them are based on the principle that the Soul is a part of the Divine spirit and is covered by the sheaths of "Upathis" as an effect of ones Karma. It goes through endless rebirth according to ones Karma to purify itself. Every one should follow his Dharma and perform their duties or Karma without attachment, as an offering to God to receive eternal salvation and liberation as Moksha.

The basic principles of the philosophy are essentially presented in a very elaborate manner in the Upanishad portions of the Vedas. It is further explained through the six Dharsanas and subsequent Bhashyas written on them by many great Acharyas who have helped to preserve this treasure for all ages.

The system of Vedantha by Vyasa Maharishi is widely followed as the Hindu Philosophy in modern times. A study of the other five Dharsanas is also essential to understand Vedantha philosophy fully. Various theories of Adhvaitha, Visishta-adhvaitha and Dhvaitha schools explain the philo-sophy very well.

Religion, for Hindus, is experience and full realization of the Divine Spirit in one's heart and not the mere acceptance of certain time-honored dogmas or creeds, reading of scriptures or performing certain rituals or prayers. The rituals were only the means to reach and understand the faith. The one who has fully realized the Divine needs to perform no rituals.

 
 

 

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Lessons: - :~: 4-01 :~: 4-02 :~: 4-03 :~: 4-04 :~: 4-05 :~: 4-06 :~: 4-07 :~: 4-08 :~: 4-09 :~:
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