Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma
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  Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma ~ Level - 1  
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Chapter - 4:
An Introduction to Hindu Philosophy and Traditions
 
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HR104 - 04
The Daily Practice of our Teachings and Religious Experience
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Lesson: 4-04
Vedantha Philosophy in Dharmasasthra of Vyasa
Vedantha along with Adhvaitha in daily practice as given by Sankara
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Essentials of Dharma Sãstrãs and Applied Hindu Philosophy in our Practice
 
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The Vedantha Philosophy and Dharma Sasthra of Sage Vyasa and explanations by Acharyas are the basis of Our Faith and Practice. Sri Sankara gave us the Advaitha theory of "Unity of the Human and Divine Soul" and the Path of Knowledge [Jnana Yoga]. At the same time, he also gave us the rules of worship of God in six forms as in Agamas for daily practice. Sri Ramanuja gave us a theory that separates the Divine Soul to be reached by prayers through the Path of Devotion [Bhakthi Yoga]. Other Acharyas gave many other theories.

We also had a Path of pious living Meditation and concentration [Raja Yoga] with the standards for the Hindu ethics and the Spiritual Discipline. The Path of Action [Karma Yoga] was given as the first and early step of the Spiritual Discipline for the uninitiated. They taught us the rules of doing the duties without greed, lust or attachment to the fruits of our action. These four paths of spiritual disciplines and the rituals and prayers as in Vedas and Agamas were the basis of the practice of culture by the Hindu community.

In the later age, the concept of devotion developed with various levels of intense Bhakthi to God in many forms. Many rituals evolved over the years for daily activities and family events like birth, marriage and death. These changed from time to time with the arrival of alien cultures. Many changes occurred in the way of life in large section of the population with the pressure of material benefits, greed, lust and ignorance along with alien culture and education. Religious study got the least preference, as it was least understood and least beneficial.

The first systematic exponent of Advaitha is Sage Gaudapaada, who is said to have lived in the 8th century A.D. His pupil Govinda later became the teacher for Sankara. [Some Hindu historians and scholars claim Sri Sankara lived in the 6th century B.C.] The Adhvaitha system of Sri Sankara was developed as a commentary on Vyasa Maharishi's Brahma Suthra and the Vedhantha Philosophy.

The Advaitha taught by Sankara is a rigorous, absolute one. Whatever is, is Brahmam. It is absolutely homogenous by Itself. "Brahmam, the Absolute, alone is real; this world is unreal; and the Jiva or individual soul is non-different from Brahmam." It has contributed to the vast majority of Smartha, Saiva and Saktha followers, closely following their traditions with some features of rituals, modifying the Poorva Mimamsa system.

 
 

 

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Lessons: - :~: 4-01 :~: 4-02 :~: 4-03 :~: 4-04 :~: 4-05 :~: 4-06 :~: 4-07 :~: 4-08 :~: 4-09 :~:
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