Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma
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  Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma ~ Level - 1  
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Chapter - 4:
An Introduction to Hindu Philosophy and Traditions
 
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HR104 - 06
The Daily Practice of our Teachings and Religious Experience
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Lesson: 4-06
Visista-Adhvaitham and Sri-Vaishnava Philosophy
Paths of Bakthi and Devotional Prayers for daily Practice with Rituals
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Essentials of Dharma Sãstrãs and Applied Hindu Philosophy in our Practice
 
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The Bhagavathas, in the Vedic times, developed Vaishnavism or devotional worship to Sri Vasudeva or Sri Narayana. Their own scripture was known as Pancharathra Agama, regarded as equal to Upanishads. Later, Vaishnava Acharyas established the devotional path of worship for the realization of God, combining Karma and Jnana pathways to these teachings. Sri Ramanujacharya wrote Sri Bhashya, his commentaries on Brahma Suthras and gave us the philosophy, as the chief text of the system of Visishta-adhvaitha.

The Visishta-adhvaitha system is an ancient one. It was originally explained by Sage Bodhayana in his Vritti. It is the same as followed by Sri Ramanuja in his interpretation of the Brahma Suthra. Sri Ramanuja accepts perception, inference and Scripture as valid sources of knowledge. He adopts the theories of Sathkara-Vaada and Parinama-Vaada, the doctrine of real effect proceeding from a cause. Sri Ramanuja also wrote a commentary on Bhagavat-Gita and other books known as Vedantha Sara, Vedhantha Sangraha and Vedhantha Dipa.

Sri Ramanuja explains Brahmam as a personal God with attributes. Whatever exists is Brahmam; but It is not of a homogenous nature. It has elements of plurality and manifests in a diversified world. There is no room for Nirguna Brahmam and Saguna Brahmam or Iswara. It is Savisesha Brahmam or Iswara with attributes. When Vedas describe Him as Nirguna, it means there is no base or lower qualities such as sorrow, pain, change or old age for Him. He is the essence of the soul and all-pervading. He is Sathya (Truth), Jnana (Knowledge) and Anandha (Bliss). He is Immanent, Transcendent and He is also unchanging.

The entire Universe is latent in Him during Pralaya. The world is projected during creation, but this does not touch His essence. God, soul and Nature are three eternal entities. The soul is self-conscious, unchanging, partless and atomic. They are infinite in numbers and individual. It is eternally distinct from God. It has, indeed, sprung from Brahmam, but is never outside Brahmam and enjoys a separate personality. The individual soul is immersed in a worldliness or Samsara. It gets its body according to its past Karma and gets reborn till the final emancipation. The liberated soul passes into a kind of paradise (Vaikuntha) that is the place of Sri Narayana.

 
 

 

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Lessons: - :~: 4-01 :~: 4-02 :~: 4-03 :~: 4-04 :~: 4-05 :~: 4-06 :~: 4-07 :~: 4-08 :~: 4-09 :~:
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