Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma
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  Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma ~ Level - 1  
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Chapter - 4:
An Introduction to Hindu Philosophy and Traditions
 
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HR104 - 07
The Daily Practice of our Teachings and Religious Experience
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Lesson: 4-07
Devotional Paths of Dhvaitham and other Bhakthi Schools
Faiths and Beliefs based on Dualistic Systems in Devotional Prayers
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Essentials of Dharma Sãstrãs and Applied Hindu Philosophy in our Practice
 
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From the ancient times, a system of religious thinking based on devotion to the Supreme Deity existed. The Bhakthi Schools worship a Personal God with devotion. Earlier the twelve Alvar saints, whose works were known as "Nalayira Prabhandam", a series of four thousand Tamil poems, strengthened the Bhakthi movement in South India. They were mainly based on Bhakthi concept. Sri Natha Muni raised the Prabhanda to the levels of Vedas. Sri Yamunacharya laid the foundation to build the philosophy of Visishta-adhvatha.

According to Sri Sankara, Karma or path of action and Bhakthi or the pathway of devotion are the means to attain the Jnana or the pathway of wisdom, realization and supreme knowledge, which is liberation or Moksha. In Sri Ramanuja's teaching, Bhakthi Pathway is the ultimate to reach God in Swarga. According to this concept, Karma, the path of action or service, and Jnana, the path of wisdom and knowledge, are only means for the Bhakthi pathway. The final emancipation is attained only through Bhakthi or devotion, total surrender or Saranaagathi and receiving the grace of the Lord.

Sri Madhvacharya postulated a dualistic system, Dvaitham, out of Upanishads, Bhadavat-Gita and Brahma Suthras; which is called the Prasthana Thraya. His Vaishnavism is called Sadh-Vaishnavism, while Sri Ramanuja's is known as Sri-Vaishnavism. Their systems have many points in common. In Sri Madhva's system, Hari or Vishnu is the Supreme Being also known as Narayana, who lives in Vaikunta or Swarga [Heaven] with His consort Lakshmi.

The world is real and the difference is true. All Jivas are dependent on Hari. Bhakthi, without faults, is the means of attaining salvation. God is the only independent reality. Souls and world are dependent reality, which are separate from Him. He is the efficient cause and not the material cause. No two jivas are alike. The jivas are different from God and do not attain equality with God. They are entitled only to serve Him. The grace of Lord Narayana descends on those souls who are pure, devoid of all "Upaathis"

 
 

 

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Lessons: - :~: 4-01 :~: 4-02 :~: 4-03 :~: 4-04 :~: 4-05 :~: 4-06 :~: 4-07 :~: 4-08 :~: 4-09 :~:
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