Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma
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  Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma ~ Level - 1  
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Chapter - 4:
An Introduction to Hindu Philosophy and Traditions
 
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HR104 - 01
The Daily Practice of our Teachings and Religious Experience
~ Level - 1 ~
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Lesson: 4-08
Saiva Siddhantha and other Paths of Siva Worship
Others Paths of Beliefs in practice based on Teachings of other Sages
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Essentials of Dharma Sãstrãs and Applied Hindu Philosophy in our Practice
 
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Saiva Siddhantha developed as a philosophy in the Tamil community and is based both on the Vedas and Agamas. Its literature mainly consists of seven major books. (i) Twenty- eight Saivite Agamas, (ii) Saivites hymns called Thirumurai, (iii) Thirumandiram, (iv) Periyapuranam, (v) Sri Meykandar's Sivajnana- Bodham, (vi) Sri Arulnandhi's Sivajnana Siddhiar and (vii) the works of Sri Umapathi. Its philosophy stands between Sankara's Advaitha and Ramanuja's Bhakthi system.

According to this doctrine, a form of monistic Theism, the supreme reality is Siva. He is Omnipotent, Omnipresent, and Omniscient, as also changeless, eternal, free and perfect. He is Immanent and Transcendent. Above all He is Love, the only quality we can comprehend. His infinite love reveals itself through the five divine acts of creation, preservation and destruction of the universe according to the laws of Karma, the veiling or obscuration and liberation of souls through His Grace. Sri Siva pervades the whole world by His Sakthi. Sakthi is the conscious energy of Siva. She is the very body of Siva. While He is pure conscious and the universe is pure unconscious, Sakthi is the link between them. Sakthi is the material cause of the universe.

The universe, which undergoes evolution for the benefit of the souls, is real and eternal. The world of matter and the soul are different from the Body of the Lord. Souls, in their nature, are infinite, eternal and omniscient like God; but they imagine themselves to be finite, temporary and ignorant. This is because they are in bonds. To obtain salvation, we must get rid of these three bonds of Aanava, Karma and Maya.

All these can be obtained by self-discipline, the help of a Guru and above all, by the grace of Siva. When His grace sets in, the Lord reveals Himself to us and instructs us to our true nature through jnana. Jnana is the supreme means of salvation. The attainment of Sivathva or Siva- nature does not mean complete merging of soul with Siva. It continues to exist as soul in God, without loss of its individuality. This is a form of qualified Monism like Visishta- adhvaitham with some aspects of Advaitham of Sankara.

 
 

 

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Lessons: - :~: 4-01 :~: 4-02 :~: 4-03 :~: 4-04 :~: 4-05 :~: 4-06 :~: 4-07 :~: 4-08 :~: 4-09 :~:
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