Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma
  00  
  Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma ~ Level - 1  
00
\
\
Chapter - 4:
An Introduction to Hindu Philosophy and Traditions
 
\
 
HR104 - 09
The Daily Practice of our Teachings and Religious Experience
~ Level - 1 ~
-
00
\@
\
 
\

 

 

o
o
o
Lesson: 4-09
Sakthi Yoga, Devi worship & other Devotional Paths
Practice based on Worship of Divine as Mother and other Paths
0
 
  o  
\    
 
Essentials of Dharma Sãstrãs and Applied Hindu Philosophy in our Practice
 
  0  
  \\  

In Sakthi Yoga philosophy, Siva is omnipresent, impersonal and inactive. He is pure consciousness and Sakthi is dynamic. The creative aspect of Siva is Siva Thatthva. Here, in this form of tradition, Sakthi-Thatthva is the will of Siva. Siva has two aspects. In one, He is the supreme consciousness and changeless Sat-Chid-Ananda, who is understood as the Nishkala Siva and Nirguna Siva. He is not connected with Sakthi.

In the other aspect, He changes as the world and the cause of this change is Siva-Thatthva. Sakthi-Thatthva is the dynamic aspect of Brahmam. Maya or Prakrithi is within the womb of Sakthi. It is the matrix of the world and is potential in the state of dissolution. She is dynamic in the act of creation and evolves into several material elements. The power or active aspect of the immanent God is Sakthi. She is the universal Mother. She is Sakthi, Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswathi, Kali, Chandi, Chamundi, Tripurasundari and Rajarajeswari.

The basis of Sakthism is the Veda and is a form of Monism or Advaitha Vaada and is only Vedantha. It speaks of personal and impersonal Godhead. The aspirant thinks that the world is identical with the Divine Mother and that his own form is a form of the Divine Mother that is identical with Brahmam.

 
  -  
  \  

Many other systems with emphasis on Bhakthi, devotion and worship of Vishnu and Krishna, were developed by many Acharyas. Sri Vishnuswami's system is Dualistic like Madhva's Dhvaitham. Sri Nimbarka's system of philosophy is known as Dhvaitha-Adhvaitham, dualistic monism. He holds that the relation of God to soul and world is one of identity in difference. They have qualities different from God, at the same time they are no different from God who is omnipresent.

Sri Vallabha's system is known as Suddha-Adhvaitham or pure monism, as he does not admit the forces of Maya. The whole world of matters and souls is real and is only a subtle form of God. Sri Chaithanya's system of Achinthya-bedha-abhedha is one of identity in difference like Nimbarka's. They see Sri Krishna in everything. They pray to God with music and songs at all times of the day. All of them teach intense and elaborate forms of Bhakthi rather than philosophy.

 
 

o

\\
00
\\
.\\
\\
\\
Lessons: - :~: 4-01 :~: 4-02 :~: 4-03 :~: 4-04 :~: 4-05 :~: 4-06 :~: 4-07 :~: 4-08 :~: 4-09 :~:
  .  
.
-
 
0
 

00