Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma
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  Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma ~ Level - 1  
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Chapter - 5:
An Introduction to Paths of Yoga Hindu Traditions
 
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HR105 - 01
The Spiritual Disciplines of the Four Yogas for Religious Experience
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Lesson: 5-01
An overview of the Sastras and the four Yogas
The Sasthras and the paths of Four Yogas for Our Daily Living
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Essentials of the Yoga explaining the Philosophy for Daily Practice
 
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The Dharma Sasthras and Religious Ethics as a Discipline

The Hindu Scriptures gave us the prayers, the rituals, the mythology, the philosophy and the science to guide our conduct and reasoning. They teach us about every aspect of our life from birth to the end of our life and beyond. We have a special duty to learn our religion and its practice in the modern times to keep it growing for our future generations. If we do not let it grow in these adopted lands for our Children, after two or three generations the large treasures of our religious practice will be lost forever just like the major portions of our scriptures. Our hearts cry that this great tradition should not disappear from the face of earth like the many endangered species.

Many Acharyas have given us the guidance and philosophy based on the Vedas and Dharsanas, changing the way we practiced Hinduism. This was the most important renaissance movement of the religion in the past 800 years. The most important are the Advaitha by Sri Sankara, Visishtadhvaitha by Sri Ramanuja, Dhvaitha by Sri Madhva and Saiva Siddhantha Schools of Southern India.

We also have several Bhakthi schools of Baghavathas and Vaishnavas and several other forms of Suddha Adhvaitha and Dvaitha-adhvaitha and many other systems of Saiva, Vaishnava and Saktha philosophy and Agamas. Advaitha School and Vedantha Dharsana along with Vyasa Maharishi's Dharma Sasthra were the foundation of the ritualistic practice of the Smartha Sampradaya. They followed Vedic rituals and teachings.

They also prayed to various forms of God, including Siva, Vishnu, Sakthi, and Surya. Saiva Siddhantha followers had ritualistic practice of prayers to Siva as the creator and protector and followed some teachings of Advaitha and a qualified form of monism. Sakthism or Devi worshippers were similar to Saivites.

Some of them also followed Thanthra traditions. Vaishnavites follow the Bhakthi schools of Visishta-adhvaitham and Dvaitham with elaborate prayer rituals. Some of the Vaishnavites, like followers of Sri Chaithanya, performed prayers and music with devotion and love for God as Sri Krishna.

 
 

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Lessons: - :~: 5-01 :~: 5-02 :~: 5-03 :~: 5-04 :~: 5-05 :~: 5-06 :~: 5-07 :~: 5-08 :~: 5-09 :~: 5-10 :~:
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