and meditation are essential part of Raja Yoga. Whereas Hatha
Yoga deals with the physical discipline Raja Yoga is discipline
of the mind. There are five states of the mind: [i] Wandering
(Kshipta) when it is scattered; [ii] Forgetful (Mudha) when it
does not know anything and is dull; [iii] Distracted (Vikshipta)
when it is focussed only for a short time; [iv] One-pointed (Ekagrata)
when it is concentrated on one object; and [v] Controlled (Niruddha)
when the thought waves are well controlled.
the mind is the first aim of the practice of yoga. Worldly pursuits
and spiritual practices pull the mind in opposite directions.
As the spiritual practices increases with meditation and concentration,
one will get less attachment to worldly pursuits. Dharana is concentration
of the mind on any object, internal Chakra or Ishta-Devatha or
Deity. Dhyana is meditation or an unceasing flow of ideas concentrated
on one object. Then, in Samadhi all thought waves of the mind
subside and mind ceases functioning.
of any subject in full force is the next step. It leads to success
in any walk of life, scientific or spiritual pursuit. It is the
only key to open the treasure house of knowledge. It is the power
with which the exploration of the super-conscious state is achieved.
It takes a long time of regular practice. Brahmacharya, a congenial
place, company of learned persons and Sattvic habits and food
are auxiliaries for this.
and meditation will lead to Samadhi or Super-conscious experience.
It has several stages of ascent, which are deliberation [Vitarka],
analysis [Vichara], joy [Anandha], and self awareness [Asmita].
Ultimately, the Yogi is freed from births and deaths and he attains
Supreme Independence, Kaivalya or final liberation.
Siddhis or supernormal powers manifest as Yogic practice advances.These
are obstacles to the path of liberation. Real spirituality has
nothing to do with these powers, which are byproducts of concentration
and may cause a down fall. The Yogi should shun away from these
and march forward to his goal of Nirvikalpa Samadhi or the final