Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma
  00  
  Basic Lessons on Hindu Dharma ~ Level - 1  
00
\
\
Chapter - 5:
An Introduction to Paths of Yoga Hindu Traditions
 
\
 
HR105 - 10
The Spiritual Disciplines of the Four Yogas for Religious Experience
~ Level - 1 ~
-
00
\@
\
 
\

 

 

o
o
o
Lesson: 5-10
Spiritual Path of Understanding the Philosophy
Understanding the Teachings by deep Study leads to Spiritual Realization
0
 
  o  
\    
 
Jnãnã Yoga is the Search for Knowledge and Spiritual Insight in our Daily Practice
 
  0  
  \\  

The Jnãna Yoga has four means: i. Discrimination [Viveka], ii. Dispassion [Vairagya], iii. The six fold virtues [Shat- Sampat]. These virtues are: tranquillity [Sama], restraint [Dama], satiety or renunciation [Uparati], endurance [Titiksha], faith [Sraddha] and concentration [Samadhana] and iv. strong yearning for liberation [Mukshutva].

The Student, who wants to get Jnana-Yoga, then hears the scriptures by sitting at the feet of his Guru who is well established with the realization of Brahmam. Then he practices reflection, dispels all doubts and practices deep meditation on Brahmam. This leads on to a state of Jivan-Muktha or a liberated sage.

There are seven stages of Jnana. They are aspiration for the Right [Subhechha]; philosophical inquiry [Vicharana]; subtlety of mind [Tanumanasi]; attainment of light [Sattvapatti]; inner detachment [Asamsakthi]; spiritual vision [Padartha bhavana] and supreme freedom [Turiya]. A Jnana Yogi goes to the farthest limits of Reason, eliminating all other objects until he reaches ultimately the real "I" which is the Eternal Subject; only the True Self will remain.

Jnãna is taught very clearly by Sri Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita. It is a commentary on the Vedic teachings that the soul is immortal and is in no way affected by the death of the body. Death is only a change of center for the soul. The greatest teacher of Vedantha Philosophy was Sri Aadhi Sankaracharya. By solid reasoning, he gave this discipline of Jnana from Vedic revelation. He unified all conflicting descriptions of Brahmam and showed there is only One Infinite Reality. The one who has attained this knowledge is the Jivanmuktha. The Dvaitha theories state that the way to salvation is only through the mercy of God in the Path of Devotion and Bhakthi Yoga.

To become harmoniously balanced in all directions is ideal for religion. To love the One Universal Self as the Ultimate with devotion is the Path of Bhakthi Yoga. To serve this self without attachment is the path of Action, Karma Yoga. The path that gives one the power to think, concentrate and meditate on this Self to attain full realization is the path of Raja Yoga. To understand and to behold this Self as the Supreme Reality in all beings is the Path of Knowledge, Jnãna Yoga.

 
 

o

\\
00
\\
"Idham Mithram Agnim Aahu Atho;
Dhivya Sah Suparnah Garuthman |
E'kam Sath Viprah Bahudha Vadanthi, Agnim !
Yama Matharisvanam Aahuh ||"
--- (Rigveda - - I -164 - 46).
.\\
"They call It (Him) Indra, Varuna, Agni;
and He is the heavenly Nobly-winged Garuthman !
Truth is One, Sages give It many a title; Agni,
Yama, Matharisvan, they call It (Him) !! "
\\
\\
Lessons: - :~: 5-01 :~: 5-02 :~: 5-03 :~: 5-04 :~: 5-05 :~: 5-06 :~: 5-07 :~: 5-08 :~: 5-09 :~: 5-10 :~:
  .  
.
-
 
0
 

00