Jnãna Yoga has four means: i. Discrimination [Viveka],
ii. Dispassion [Vairagya], iii. The six fold virtues [Shat- Sampat].
These virtues are: tranquillity [Sama], restraint [Dama], satiety
or renunciation [Uparati], endurance [Titiksha], faith [Sraddha]
and concentration [Samadhana] and iv. strong yearning for liberation
Student, who wants to get Jnana-Yoga, then hears the scriptures
by sitting at the feet of his Guru who is well established with
the realization of Brahmam. Then he practices reflection, dispels
all doubts and practices deep meditation on Brahmam. This leads
on to a state of Jivan-Muktha or a liberated sage.
are seven stages of Jnana. They are aspiration for the Right [Subhechha];
philosophical inquiry [Vicharana]; subtlety of mind [Tanumanasi];
attainment of light [Sattvapatti]; inner detachment [Asamsakthi];
spiritual vision [Padartha bhavana] and supreme freedom [Turiya].
A Jnana Yogi goes to the farthest limits of Reason, eliminating
all other objects until he reaches ultimately the real "I"
which is the Eternal Subject; only the True Self will remain.
is taught very clearly by Sri Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita. It
is a commentary on the Vedic teachings that the soul is immortal
and is in no way affected by the death of the body. Death is only
a change of center for the soul. The greatest teacher of Vedantha
Philosophy was Sri Aadhi Sankaracharya. By solid reasoning, he
gave this discipline of Jnana from Vedic revelation. He unified
all conflicting descriptions of Brahmam and showed there is only
One Infinite Reality. The one who has attained this knowledge
is the Jivanmuktha. The
Dvaitha theories state that the way to salvation is only through
the mercy of God in the Path of Devotion and Bhakthi Yoga.
become harmoniously balanced in all directions is ideal for
religion. To love the One Universal Self as the Ultimate with
devotion is the Path of Bhakthi Yoga. To serve this self without
attachment is the path of Action, Karma Yoga. The path that
gives one the power to think, concentrate and meditate on this
Self to attain full realization is the path of Raja Yoga. To
understand and to behold this Self as the Supreme Reality in
all beings is the Path of Knowledge, Jnãna Yoga.