Ganesha worship is one of the oldest form of practice in Hinduism,
mentioned in the Vedas and Agamas. The Supreme Reality, manifests
Himself ["Itself"] in the various forms of Avathara,
without ceasing to be Himself. Ganesha is a manifestation of the
Supreme Reality, for the protection of the pious and destruction
of the evil in the forms of many "Asuras." He represents
the Pranava Manthra "OM" and is called "Pranava
Swaroopa." He is also called "Jyeshta Rajan" and
Brahmanaspathi." He is said to have started the languages,
the written scripts and has written the Mahabharatha for Sri Veda
Vyasa with His tusk.
to the Upanishads and Puranas, He is said to have had several
manifestations, some even before the Trinity of Gods, Siva, Vishnu
and Brahma, at the early time of the creation of the Universe.
Some of these manifestations are described as Ganesha, the Son
of Sri Parvathi and Sri Siva. Some of them are depicted with two
consorts, Siddhi and Bhuddhi. Here, as Sri Ganesha is said to
represent the Jñana or wisdom, Siddhi is Kriya Sakthi or
the actions or deeds and Bhuddhi is the Iccha Sakthi or knowledge.
Ganesha is worshipped from the Vedic period. He is prayed specially
before the beginning of all actions including any new rituals
and prayer services according to Veda and Agama, to remove the
obstacles and protect the devotees in the performance of all their
activities. There are several days in the month according to the
Phase of the moon or star position which are important for each
of the Deity we worship.
Fourth day after New Moon every month [Sukla paksham] - Chathurthi
is very important for Sri Ganesha. The Fourth day after the Full
moon day [Krishna paksham] is called Sankatahara Chathurthi day
and is auspicious for special pooja and Havan [Homam] for Sri
Ganesha. The Sukla Chathurthi day of the month Bhadrapada [Aavani]
is celebrated as Sri Ganesha Chathurthi day, an annual festival
of one to ten days, to mark the day of one of the manifestation
of Sri Ganesha.
Ganesha accepts prayers with offerings of all types of flowers,
leaves, grass and all fruits and foods. However, He is not offered
Thulasi for prayer at any time except on Ganesha Chathurthi day.
"Modhakam" is a sweet of special importance for this