Religion is based on the Eternal Truth.
It is not based on any single book or the words of any single teacher
or prophet. It does not follow any blind doctrine. There are literally
thousands of books, spiritual literature and scriptures to guide
both the beginners and the scholars. There are several pathways
given to the followers. Everyone is allowed to study, question,
doubt, analyze, reason and then accept the teachings after their
own spiritual experience.
sets of books are known as "Sruthis" or "Vedas." They are "of
Superhuman or Divine origin" [Apaurus.e'ya].
They are unchangeable, highest spiritual knowledge of the Eternal
Truth ever known. They are older than creation itself. In the beginning
of every era [Kalpa], the Supreme God, Brahmam, creates
Himself as Brahma, and gives Him the knowledge of Vedas as His own
breath. The Universe and all its beings are created by Brahma out
of the sound of Pranava Manthra "OM" and the knowledge of
are the primary authority and the very soul of Hinduism. They were
revealed to the Rishis, the sages or seers, who received them as
an intuition by direct revelations from God. Sage Veda Vyasa codified
and organized the four Vedas, Rig, Yajur, Saama and Atharva.
His disciples Paila, Vaisampaya, Jaimini and Sumanta taught them
to their disciples and the latter in turn to their pupils. This
way, the knowledge of Vedas was passed on through generations by
memorizing and reciting the verses for thousands of years.
Veda consists of 1028 Sookthas collected as 21 sections
or Sakhas with hymns in praise of the Divine. Yajur Veda, with 109
sakhas, mainly consists of Hymns used in religious rituals and
rites. Saama Veda has 1000 sections, and it is made of Verses
from Rig Veda set to music. Atharva Veda has 50 sakhas with
598 hymns, gives many rites and rituals to guide man in his
daily activities and materialistic life, to ward off evil and destroy