principle of Hinduism is the belief in one supreme being who
is without forms or attributes, worshipped in any one of several
of His forms of manifestations. They believe that God accepts every
one's prayer to every form they worship. They believe in nonviolence
or Ahimsa, in vegetarian food habits, and in compassion to
all lives. They believe in Divine duty or Dharma and activity
without attachment or Karma yoga and the need for a devotion
and surrender to God or Bhakthi. They believe in the indestructibility
of the soul, cycle of rebirth and the ultimate liberation of the
Soul or Moksha. The basic philosophies are given in the various
Upanishad portions of the Vedas.
Sages wrote the six Dharsanas as explanatory texts for these Upanishads.
Vaiseshika, Sankhya and Vedantha Dharsanas deal with theoretical
aspect of the religious faith, prayers and the philosophy. Nyaya,
Yoga and Poorva Mimamsa systems explain the practice of the
faith with analysis, logic and pure rituals. They did not stress
the importance of a concept of prayers to God.
system by Rishi Gauthama is the science of debate, logic and
discussion with reasoning and arguing. Vaiseshika by Rishi
Kanada arranges its inquiries into categories such as substance,
quality, action, property and nonexistence. They were the analytical
Systems. Sankhya by Rishi Kapila is called a synthetical
system starting from a primordial principle called prakrithi which
evolves and brings forth everything, when it comes in contact with
Purusha. The Yoga system by Sage Pathanjali is a supplement
to Sankhya, laying emphasis on the practical side of self discipline
Mimamsa of Sage Jaimini lays stress on the Vedic rituals and
sacrifices as the ultimate for the liberation and eternal happiness.
They did not deny a God but just ignored His existence. Other Mimamsakas
modified Sri Jaimini's theory later to introduce the concept of
God in rituals. Utthira Mimamsa or Vedantha of Sage Vyasa
or Krishna Dvaipanya explained the Hindu Philosophy.