at the Temple and at home are given in the Vedas and Agamas.
Hinduism prescribes several rituals for many occasions based on
days, Stars and phase of the Moon. Every one needs to perform certain
Karmas and rituals as part of their daily duties to the family,
to the community, to animals, to ancestors and to God. They are
called "Runa" and "Nithya Karma".
rituals are conducted for birth, stages of life, first feeding,
starting of education, starting of religious study, for marriage
and during pregnancy for the child. Funeral rituals and annual rites
are conducted for the departed souls.Many
other rituals are conducted based on star positions and New Moon
days. The offerings are given in front of Fire or water in a temporarily
prepared area in the house or in a community hall or river bank.
Often the rituals are mixed with the Devotional styles of practice.
are recited by priests and the person performing the service. Offerings
[such as food, cloth, coconut, clarified butter, fruits] are put
into Fire as a sacrifice offered to the celestial forces, called
Devas, often mistaken by outsiders as "many gods". In addition to
these rituals, devotional prayers are also conducted to various
images of a personal God in any of His manifestations, called Ishta
It is believed
that a person should get proper knowledge and training from a religious
teacher or Guru before he or she can get the rights or "Adhikara"
to perform these prayers. In these rituals, God in one of His forms
is invited as a guest to the house, honored with a ceremonial bath
and washing of feet. Then He is offered dress, sandal paste, jewelry
and food and then prayers are recited in praise of him. In the Temples,
the deity is ceremonially installed and these prayers are offered