in most world religions, is a set of stories of ancient times with
supernatural incidents explaining the Powers of God and the acts
of the devil or the consequences of abnormal human behavior. Mythology
is a simple way to keep the illiterate public in a mass ignorance
within a complete hold of the priests and their teachings, to have
them follow the religion with a blind faith without questioning.
Hinduism, however, mythological stories describe the religious philosophy
in simple terms to the common man with simplicity so that he will
follow those teachings. These Hindu mythologies give vivid descriptions
of events often bordering factual historical and biographical data
and fictional stories of fantasy and imagination to discuss and
project a philosophical thought and truth. For those who believe
in them as biography and fact as well as those who read them as
a story of fantasy, it gives an easy explanation of the ultimate
Truth and a moral teaching.
are a set of simple or complicated acts of prayer routines and recitations,
with fire, water and other means, that helps to keep the faith in
the teachings and to gain Divine blessings. Hinduism is unique in
giving a very detailed and lengthy description of every ritual to
several forms of Divine Incarnations, whom the Vedas ask us to pray
to please them and improve ourselves.
'Brahmana' portions of the Vedas give detailed accounts of these
Yaj˝a or rituals. These rituals are elaborate, used as a vehicle
to carry the philosophy and the mythology is to explain the principles
in the form of stories to the common man. The daily rituals sometimes
appear different for different people and different community and
areas as modified by several years of cultural separation, isolation
as well as mixing of other cultures. Based on the customs and social
habits of people belonging to various clans, many rituals grew from
time to time. Often most Vedic rituals and Agamic practice remained
very similar in most Hindu families, in most areas.