Yoga is the path that leads to union with God through control of
mind, meditation, concentration and self restraint. It teaches control
of the senses and thought waves that arise from the mind. It is
the analysis of the mind and the exploration of the super-conscious
aspect of Reality. A student of Yoga must first learn to give up
all desires for worldly pleasures and enjoyment. That which is obtained
by desires, greed, passion and lust ultimately leads to grief. The
student must get an intense desire of learning the Eternal Truth.
are six virtues which are important for every one to learn to get
to the path of Raja Yoga. [ i ] They must be able to control the
mind from wandering in thought and going outward. [ ii ] They must
restrain the senses from seeking the worldly pleasures. [ iii ]
They must then turn the mind inwards. [ iv ] They must be able to
feel the suffering of the body and mind without murmuring. [ v ]
They must be able to attach their mind to a single idea or thought.
[ vi ] They must constantly be thinking of one's real nature.
The first three requisites of one practicing yoga are: [i] Purity,
physical and mental; [ii] patience; [iii] Perseverance. When results
are not obtained one should not give up practice but persist in
it patiently. Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Prathyahara, Dharana,
Dhyana and Samadhi are the eight limbs of Raja Yoga. Yama and Niyama
are the ethical disciplines to purify the heart. Yama are
the virtues. It consists of non-injury [Ahimsa], truthfulness [Sathya],
abstinence [Brahmacharya], non- stealing [Astheya] and not receiving
gifts conducive to luxury [Aprigraha].
is observance. It consists of internal and external purity [Saucha],
contentment [Santhosha], austerity [Tapas], study of scriptures
and recitation of manthras [Svadhyaya] and self-surrender to God
[Ishwara- pranidhana]. Asana [steady pose], Pranayama [regulation
of breath] and Prathyahara [abstraction or withdrawal of senses
from their objects] are preliminary accessories to Raja Yoga. They
produce serenity and steadiness of body and mind and leads to good