sudden problem (attack) that comes like a bolt from the Blue Sky
Problems of Heart Disorders among Indian community
Attacks and related Coronary Artery diseases occur among the Indian
community members and this is not just a problem of old age. It can occur even
at the middle age. Several people both men and women can suffer a heart attack
while in their 40's and it must be recognized that the problems start at a much
earlier age. We have already noted that the Indian community has a great propensity
for diseases like hypertension, diabetes, obesity and cholesterol / fat problems.
The most severe consequence of these maladies is clogging of blood vessels in
the coronary arteries, resulting in heart attack. The indication preceding this
is a "chest pain". We will now analyze how it is caused, who are the
victims of the ailment, how to recognize it and how to prevent its incidence.
artery obstructions and clogging may be a genetic disorder for many of us. Hypertension
and diabetes run in many families along with high cholesterol. Their diet regimen
and physical workouts may not be proper. Because of this, the male members start
getting afflicted even at the age of 35 - 40. As a matter of fact, the malady
starts at a very early age itself, but not evident and not recognized. This condition
among women is not often conspicuous till the end of their reproductive age of
45-50 years. In diabetic women this can manifest at any age. But it must be understood
that this type of ailment is more common for the women than all other disorders.
A single disease with multifarious appellations
hear a number of synonyms for heart diseases. Blood vessel obstructions are called
coronary atherosclerosis or "coronary artery disease". Partial blocks
lead to temporary chest pain or breathlessness when doing some hard work. This
is called "Angina". When the clogs are severe leading to blockage of
blood flow, the heart muscles in the area get damaged due to lack of oxygen supply.
The terminology for this is Myocardial Infarction or commonly referred to as "heart
attack". Such condition can be managed by various procedures involving heart
catheterization like Angioplasty or Balloon procedure, Stent and Bypass Surgery
etc. But these do not cure the basic disease but only set right the discomfort
temporarily. The coronary artery disease remains in the background and manifests
itself periodically. Let us investigate the true remedy for this.
The Occurrence of Heart Attack and its consequences.
Coronary artery disease sets in, it will become serious over a period of time.
Heart attack causes damage to the heart muscles. Corrective treatment by Bypass
Surgery or Stent procedure, either before or after the damage is caused, can only
reduce the uneasiness to a good extent. There is no long-term cure as such, since
the arterial disease will continue to progress and a blockage will develop again.
There is continued accumulation of materials that cause these obstructions and
blockages in the blood vessels of the heart in several areas and also in other
parts of the body like kidneys, brain and legs. To prevent these and control such
a progressive condition, one should adopt proper lifestyle changes with diet discipline
and physical exercise.
should first discern the symptoms of coronary artery disease. For the most part,
if the coronary artery blockage is in the range of 20% to 60% or the blockage
is confined to only one artery, there may be no external indication. When the
block is more one may feel uncomfortable while walking fast or while doing any
hard work. This may also vary from person to person. Some will show fatigue; others
may have excessive sweating; there could be a chest throbbing or breathlessness.
When heart attack occurs, people develop a sudden sense of mental fear and also
may experience cold sweat covering the body. Some may feel a little light-headed
feeling like fainting. But as the symptom wears off in a short time, there is
a tendency to forget the unpleasant experience; and other family members are not
even informed. Most of them, who first feel the sudden fear, slowly go to a stage
of denial and get a tendency to ignore or hide the incidence.
of the people who have such an episode do not suffer any significant "chest
pain" to the extent of having to tell others about it. In a real sense, no
one will ever get a chest pain as such over the heart area. Some may feel a pressure
over the middle of the chest or tightness and chocking sensation that they cannot
breathe. On rare occasions, one may get a feeling of someone or something heavy
sitting on chest. A person may just feel like a faint or have mild to moderate
breathing difficulty on and off at the time of an attack or few days later that
are often ignored and not recognized. They may also develop a swelling in the
legs several days after an episode. If there is a large scale arrest of the blood
flow it may lead to heart attack that may be well recognized and lead to hospital
admission. On many occasions the symptoms can be mild. Sometimes the uneasiness
may disappear after a little while. If the obstruction is a little less, the Angina
may recur as mild chest discomfort or tightness along with some difficulty breathing
and these will occur again and again; but ultimately, it would lead to heart attack.