00 00
 
00
Medicine & Health Education
Essential Therapeutic Life Style Changes
For a Healthy Body, Mind and Spirit
Some Simple Steps to Uplift the Physical, Mental and Spiritual Health
Bala N. Aiyer, M.D.
00
 
 00 
 
Part - 10
 
 
PART - 10: VARIED THOUGHTS THAT CONFUSE THE MIND - Sec. 1
 
 
 
 
Confused Thinking is not the same as Forgetfulness

10.01. Confusions that arise in our thought process and memory.

Forgetting and not remembering events or tasks or even some faces and names are not uncommon at any age but get more often noticed as we get older. This loss of memory occasionally leads to confusion in our thinking and some embarrassing moments in life. There are a number of people with a little forgetfulness. Sometimes people tend to forget some important events. We have observed in our families that people who are aged around 60 to 70 are becoming forgetful. It cannot be said that this is due to age only. In fact we have seen there are several, past the age of 90 being sharp in their memory. Generally the brain cells get damaged due to age. It becomes necessary to give exercise to the brain, just as we give exercise to the body. Reading books, solving crossword puzzles, drawing, painting, and singing are some ways to do this.

Forgetting where you parked your car after a long session in the supermarket is an ordinary type of forgetfulness. But when you have not driven a car for a long time, and you try to remember where you had parked it, is a more serious matter called dementia. Some persons with this type of disability may remember events which took place several years back. But a number of others may lose the ability to remember distant events also and lose their ability to think coherently. Such type of disability is referred to as dementia. Dementia is of two types. One called, Alzheimer's disease affects people in their middle age due to damage to the brain cells. This could happen due to a genetic disorder and may affect people even in the age group of 40 - 45 years.

Alzheimer's disease and the dementia caused by aging and consequent blood circulation deficiency which we will see in detail, are not the same though they may appear to be similar. The age-related amnesia caused by defective blood circulation is called Vascular Dementia or Multi-infarct dementia. Both of them are very difficult to cure, once they set in. Looking after such people is also an arduous task for the family members. The only way to handle this, is for those who are have reached middle age controlling their diet strictly, doing physical exercise regularly and avoid becoming victims of lifestyle diseases like diabetes, hypertension. As these memory disorders are incurable, every effort must be made to prevent them from affecting us.

10.02. Causes of memory loss and confusion in Dementia

The brain requires lot of oxygen and glucose for proper functioning as also fats, cholesterol and vitamins. When you work in high altitudes, in places like the Himalayan district of Ladakh in the state of Jammu & Kashmir in India, which are over 15000 feet above sea level our brain function suffers due to low atmospheric pressure and low oxygen content in the air. I have personally experienced such a situation while working there. Here the oxygen availability in the blood is low, and it causes confusion and sleepiness. It could be difficult even to read few pages of our books and understand them. Similarly here, even at sea-level, brainy jobs or reading a lot makes people get fatigued and become highly sleepy even in a short time. This is similar to doing hard physical work using muscle power that needs oxygen and good nutrition.

The brain needs good circulation of blood carrying glucose and oxygen for thinking. So even the so-called sedentary activities or desk jobs which needs lots of brain work requires lots of energy producing glucose and oxygen for brain work; very much like the physical labor in the factories and fields leading to muscle work. We should not deceive ourselves by thinking that we will not get into these types of situations. We often talk about physical exercises like daily walking as we get older; but we must remember similar exercise for the brain also in addition to nutrition and oxygen. Elderly persons may try to give good exercise to the brain by reading a lot and solve cross-word puzzles. Such measures may reduce the ordinary type of forgetfulness and keep our memory and intelligent very sharp but will not prevent confusion and Dementia.

Here this is quite a different story where there is damage to the tissues of the brain. Just as already explained in heart attack due to blood vessel problems on the heart, proper physical exercise and appropriate diets are needed to control our way of life to prevent dementia by improving the circulation of blood to the brain. Just as clotting of blood vessels in the heart lead to heart attack, circulation problems in the two side parts of the brain lead to stroke. The development of clots in the small blood vessels of the frontal part of the brain leads to brain damage and dementia. The blood vessels in the brain may get fouled up due to many reasons. One of them is natural aging, which cannot be prevented. Others are caused by life-style diseases like diabetes, hypertension; excess fat and cholesterol in the blood are also reasons apart from the genetic disorders. It is therefore essential that right from the beginning afflictions like diabetes and hypertension and excess cholesterol are controlled properly by changes in the way we live; that is essential lifestyle modifications as they are called.

 
   
   
 
0
 
0
-- This is called Behavior Modification --
Essential Lifestyle Changes -- for a healthy Body, Mind and Spirit 0
0
Thank You
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
 
0
 
 00